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            常春藤生活英語【144】Clothespins 小小衣夾大學問

            2013-07-27 18:17:18 來源:常春藤英語
             
             

            Clothespins 小小衣夾大學問

            Sometimes the most ordinary household items have a fascinating history. Clothespins have been used for many years to pin laundry to clotheslines so they can dry in the sun. Most clothespins today are two pieces of wood or plastic that are joined together by a spring. The inventor of this design was an American named David M. Smith. He was from Vermont and patented the first clothespin in 1853.

            The original style of clothespins, however, was created by a religious society called the Shakers. Their clothespin is made of a single piece of wood. The two legs of the pin are pushed apart and then the tension between them grasps the clothes.

            Clothespins are not only used for hanging laundry. During World War II, people did not have a lot of money, so a box of clothespins was a popular children's toy. In the film industry, special wooden clothespins are used for working with movie lights. They clip colored filters to the lights and keep messy cords out of the way. Though they are small, clothespins have proven to be extremely convenient and helpful throughout history.

            有時連最不起眼的家用物品都有著引人入勝的歷史。曬衣夾多年來被用在將衣物固定在曬衣繩上,好讓陽光曬干衣物。如今大多數的衣夾是利用彈簧將兩片木頭或塑料連接在一起。這項設計的發明者是一位名叫戴維‧史密斯的美國人。來自佛蒙特州的他于1859年為第一個曬衣夾申請了專利。

            然而曬衣夾最原先的設計是由一個叫作Shakers的宗教組織所創造的(編按:Shakers是十八世紀時美國基督教的支派之一,他們主張共有財產并強調獨身,昔日祭神時會跳震動之舞,因此得名)。他們的曬衣夾是用單塊木頭制成。衣夾的兩腳被撐開后,兩者之間的拉力會抓牢衣物。

            曬衣夾并不是只能拿來晾衣服而已。第二次世界大戰時的人們并不富有,因此一盒衣夾就是熱門的童玩。在電影業中,操作電影燈光時,特制的木頭衣夾也會派上用場。它們能將濾光片固定在燈光上,并且可以讓雜亂的電線不至于礙事。曬衣夾雖小,但是長久的歷史下來在在證明了它們是便利有用的小幫手。 

            Building Your Vocabulary  

            1. household a. 家用的
            The store mainly sells household supplies.
            這家店主要賣的是家庭用品。
            2. fascinating a. 迷人的
            This city has a fascinating nightlife.
            這個城市有著迷人的夜生活。
            3. pin vt. 固定;把……釘住
            A name tag is pinned to the waiter's shirt.
            那名侍者的襯衫上別了一個名牌。
            4. inventor n. 發明者
            Thomas Edison was a great inventor.
            托馬斯愛迪生是一名偉大的發明家。
            5. religious a. 宗教的
            The Pope set out on a religious journey.
            這位教宗展開了一趟宗教之旅。
            6. grasp vt. 抓牢;握緊
            Paul tightly grasped the handle on the bus.
            保羅緊緊抓著公交車上的扶手。
            7. clip vt. 夾住,扣住
            You should clip your photo to the form before handing it in.
            你應該先把照片夾在表格上之后再交出去。
            8. throughout prep. 在整個期間;遍及
            It was raining throughout the northern part of the island last week.
            上星期整座島的北半部都在下雨。 

            Extra Words  

            1. clothespin n. 衣夾
            2. clothesline n. 曬衣繩
            3. spring n. 彈簧
            4. patent vt. 為……申請專利
            5. tension n. 張力,拉力
            6. filter n. 濾(色)片;濾(色)鏡
            7. cord n. 電線 

            SENTENCE PATTERN  

            Though they are small, clothespins have proven to be...
            (曬衣夾雖小,但是……證明它們是……)
            though 引導的副詞子句,若有下列句構出現時,可用 as 取代 though:
            Though + 主詞 + be 動詞∕連綴動詞(如:seem, appear, look...)+ 形容詞, 主詞 + 動詞
            = 形容詞 + though + 主詞 + be 動詞∕連綴動詞, 主詞 + 動詞
            = 形容詞 + as + 主詞 + be 動詞∕連綴動詞, 主詞 + 動詞
            = As + 形容詞 + as + 主詞 + be 動詞∕連綴動詞, 主詞 + 動詞
            Though Jay looks innocent, I don't trust him.
            = Innocent as Jay looks, I don't trust him.
            (小杰雖然看似天真,但我仍不太相信他。)

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