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            常春藤解析英語【103】Eye of the Leopard 花豹之眼

            2010-11-13 21:02:40 來源:常春藤英語
             
             
            Eye of the Leopard 花豹之眼

            by Matthew Brown

            A new two-hour program shows us a leopard''s struggle for survival in the wilds of Africa.
            長達兩小時的新節目帶領我們探索非洲荒野上一只花豹的生存之道。

            This month, the National Geographic Channel presents a new program you won''t want to miss. Husband-and-wife filmmakers Dereck and Beverly Joubert spent three years following the life of a single leopard. The result of their work is the two-hour special Eye of the Leopard, an enthralling journey deep into the rarely seen lives of leopards.
              
            The project began when the filmmakers were observing leopards in Botswana, Africa. One leopard in particular caught their attention. The cat had a birthmark that made her stand out from all the others, and they named her Legadema, which means "light from the sky." As they followed Legadema over the next few years, they watched as she grew from an eight-month-old cub to an adult.
              
            Leopards are skillful predators, but in their harsh environment, survival cannot be taken for granted. Legadema and her mother were forced to fight off baboons and escape from scavenging hyenas. While documenting the leopards'' adventures, the Jouberts chose to respect the natural environment and didn''t allow themselves to interfere in the leopards'' existence, even when the animals faced great danger.
              
            As Legadema grew, she refined her hunting skills, moving from lizards and squirrels to warthogs, impalas, and even dangerous baboons. One incredible episode is particularly memorable and shows that leopards aren''t simply fierce hunting machines. Legadema kills a mother baboon, and then finds the young baby baboon still clinging to its mother. To the filmmakers'' amazement—and ours—Legadema doesn''t harm the baby baboon. Instead, she lies down and wraps herself around it protectively. When a scavenging hyena comes along, Legadema carefully lifts the baby to safety. For viewers, this complex scene brings different emotions, but one thing is certain: watching Legadema protect the baby baboon is unforgettable.
              
            Rarely do we get a chance to learn so much about the mysterious lives of leopards. Tune in to Eye of the Leopard for insight into a leopard''s world.

            1. How did filming of Eye of the Leopard begin?
            (A) The filmmakers spent three years with a tribe of leopards.
            (B) The filmmakers noticed Legadema and they watched her raise her cubs.
            (C) The filmmakers were following an adult leopard named Legadema.
            (D) The filmmakers were watching leopards and they noticed one particular young cub.

            2. Why didn''t the Jouberts interfere in the leopards'' lives?
            (A) It was too dangerous.
            (B) They were too far away.
            (C) They thought it was wrong to disturb nature.
            (D) It was illegal.

            3. What is surprising about the scene where Legadema kills a baboon?
            (A) It''s unusual for an animal to care for another animal''s young.
            (B) It''s strange for a leopard not to run away after killing its prey.
            (C) Legadema decides to raise the baby baboon herself.
            (D) Baboons usually hunt leopards.

            4. In the first and last paragraphs, the article suggests that this program is worth watching because _____.
            (A) the filmmakers are married
            (B) no one was sure that leopards existed until now
            (C) Africa is a difficult place to film
            (D) opportunities to learn about leopards are rare

            Rarely do we get a chance to learn so much about the mysterious lives of leopards.
            注意:
            rarely(很少)、seldom(很少)、hardly(幾乎不)、scarcely(幾乎不)、never(從不)等否定副詞置于句首時,其后的句子須采倒裝句構。
            例: Rarely does a movie do so well for so long.
            (很少有電影可以熱賣這么久。)
            例: Never have I seen such acts of generosity.
            (我從來沒見過像這樣慷慨大方的行為。)

            leopard n. 花豹
            observe vt. 觀察
            birthmark n. 胎記
            cub n. 幼獸
            predator n. 獵食者
            harsh a.(天氣、環境等)惡劣的,嚴峻的
            baboon n. 狒狒
            scavenging a. 覓食的
            scavenge vt.(動物)以(腐肉)為食
            hyena n. 鬣狗,土狼
            document vt.(以記述、拍攝電影或照片的方式)紀錄 & n. 紀錄;文件
            documentary n. 紀錄片
            lizard n. 蜥蜴
            squirrel n. 松鼠
            warthog n. 疣豬
            impala n.(非洲的)黑斑羚
            memorable a. 難忘的
            wrap vt. 卷起;包住
            complex a. 錯綜復雜的;難懂的
            unforgettable a. 難忘的
            prey n. 獵物

            catch/grab one''s attention  吸引某人的注意
            care for...  照料……

            present vt. 上演;呈獻
            present sb with sth
            = present sth to sb   將某物呈獻給某人;頒發某物給某人
            例: The group presented the basketball player with an award.
            (該團體頒獎給這名籃球員。)

            enthralling a. 迷人的
            enthrall vt. 迷住,使著迷
            例: Billy was enthralled by the movie about aliens.
            (比利很迷那部關于外星人的電影。)

            in particular  特別地;尤其
            = particularly adv.
            例: Everyone in my family loves ice cream, my sister in particular.
            = Everyone in my family loves ice cream, particularly my sister.
            (我家里的每個人都喜歡吃冰淇淋,尤其是我妹妹。)

            stand out  顯眼;突出;杰出
            例: My yellow bicycle really stands out from the other bikes.
            (我的黃色腳踏車在其它腳踏車中特別顯眼。)

            skillful a. 有技術的,老練的
            be skillful in/at...  對……很在行
            = be skilled in/at...
            例: Terry is skillful in diving, and he''s competed in several events.
            (泰瑞的跳水技術一流,他參加過多次跳水比賽。)

            take...for granted  把……視為理所當然
            例: Gary broke up with Tracy because she took him for granted.
            (蓋瑞和崔西分手是因為她不夠重視他。)

            escape from...  從……逃脫
            例: Nelly managed to escape from her kidnapper.
            (納莉設法從綁架者那兒逃走。)

            interfere in...  干涉∕干預……
            interfere with...  妨礙……
            例: Please don''t interfere in my friendships!
            (請你不要干涉我的交友狀況。)
            例: I try not to interfere with my dad''s work.
            (我試著不妨礙我爸工作。)

            existence n. 生存;存在
            come into existence  產生,發生;開始存在
            = come into being
            例: The legend came into existence shortly after the war.
            (這個傳說是在戰爭后不久傳出來的。)

            refine vt. 改進,使完善
            例: Your painting style isn''t bad, but you should try to refine it a little.
            (你的畫風還不錯,但應該還有精進的空間。)

            cling to...  緊緊黏著∕抓住……
            例: The child clung to his mother while the firecrackers exploded.
            (這個小孩在鞭炮響起時緊緊抓著母親。)

            to + 所有格 + amazement  令某人驚訝的是
            注意:
            『to + 所有格 + 表情緒的名詞』可形成介詞詞組,通常置于句首,修飾全句。常見的有:
            to one''s delight  令某人高興的是
            to one''s disappointment  令某人失望的是
            to one'' sorrow  令某人難過的是
            to one''s satisfaction  令某人滿意的是
            例: To Al''s delight, his son graduated with honors.
            (令艾爾高興的是,他的兒子以優異成績畢業。)

            protectively adv. 保護性地
            protective a. 保護的,防護的
            be protective of...  保護……
            例: Kyle is protective of his little brother and doesn''t let anyone make fun of him.
            (凱爾很保護自己的小弟,絕不讓別人捉弄他。)

            lift...to safety  將……舉起到安全的地方
            lead/take...to safety  將……帶到安全的地方
            例: The rescue helicopter found the missing ship and led it to safety.
            (救難直升機找到失蹤的船只,并指引它到安全的地方。)

            insight n. 洞察力,見識(常與介詞 into 并用)
            例: The research provides insights into solar energy.
            (這項研究提供有關太陽能的深刻見解。)

            be worth + N/V-ing  值得……
            例: This movie is worth watching. I''ve seen it twice.
            (這部電影很值得看。我還看了兩遍。)

            本月份的國家地理頻道將呈現給您絕對不容錯過的全新內容。制作人德瑞克‧朱柏特和比佛莉‧朱柏特夫婦花了 3 年時間跟拍一頭花豹,紀錄牠的生活點滴。他們的心血將制成兩個小時的特輯《花豹之眼》,這趟迷人之旅將帶您一賭行蹤鮮少曝光的花豹,深入了解牠們的生活。
              
            本節目要從這對制作人夫婦在非洲的波札那觀察花豹開始說起。有一只花豹特別引起他們的注意。這只貓科動物身上的胎記使她特別突出,他們將這只花豹命名為拉赫迪瑪,即『天上的閃電』之意。接下來他們花了幾年的時間跟隨這只花豹,看著她從 8 個月大長到成年。
              
            花豹是技巧高明的獵食者,但在艱困的環境里,誰也不能打包票自己能存活下來。拉赫迪瑪和母親被迫擊退狒狒,并且躲避嗜吃腐肉的鬣狗攻擊。在紀錄花豹冒險經歷的同時,朱柏特夫婦選擇尊重自然環境,避免干預花豹的生活,即使牠們身陷險境也絕不插手。
              
            拉赫迪瑪在成長的過程中磨練自己的狩獵技巧,對象則從蜥蜴、松鼠到疣豬、黑斑羚,甚至是兇惡的狒狒。其中一段不可思議的內容尤其令人記憶深刻,因為它證明了花豹不只是兇猛的殺手。拉赫迪瑪獵殺了一只母狒狒后,發現狒狒寶寶還緊抓著母親不放。令這對制作人與觀眾意外的是,拉赫迪瑪并沒有傷害這只小狒狒。她反而躺下來用身體把小狒狒圍起來加以保護。當一只覓食的鬣狗接近時,拉赫迪瑪小心翼翼地把小狒狒抬起帶到安全的地方。這錯綜復雜的一幕給觀眾帶來的感受不盡相同,但有一點是可以確定的:看見拉赫迪瑪保護小狒狒的舉動實在令人難以忘懷。
              
            我們很少有機會了解這么多關于花豹的神秘生活。敬請準時收看《花豹之眼》,一窺花豹的世界。

            1. 《花豹之眼》這個節目以什么做為開場?
            (A) 制作人花了 3 年時間和一群花豹相處。
            (B) 制作人注意到拉赫迪瑪,看她養育自己的小花豹。
            (C) 制作人跟隨一頭名為拉赫迪瑪的成年花豹。
            (D) 制作人觀察花豹時發現一只特別的小花豹。
            題解: 根據第二段,本節目要從這對片制作人夫婦在非洲的波扎那觀察花豹開始說起。一只身上有胎記的花豹特別引起他們的注意。他們花了幾年的時間跟隨這只花豹,看著她從 8 個月大長到成年,可知應選 (D)。

            2. 為什么朱柏特夫婦不干預花豹的生活?
            (A) 那樣太危險了。
            (B) 他們的距離太遙遠。
            (C) 他們認為不應該干擾自然。
            (D) 這是犯法的行為。
            題解: 根據第三段,在紀錄花豹冒險經歷的同時,朱柏特夫婦選擇尊重自然環境,避免干預花豹的生活,可知應選 (C)。

            3. 拉赫迪瑪獵殺狒狒的那一幕發生什么令人驚訝的事?
            (A) 動物會照顧另一種動物的小孩實在不尋常。
            (B) 花豹捕殺獵物后沒有離開實在太奇怪了。
            (C) 拉赫迪瑪決定自己撫養這只小狒狒。
            (D) 狒狒通常會獵捕花豹。

            題解: 根據第四段,拉赫迪瑪獵殺母狒狒后,發現狒狒寶寶還緊抓著母親不放。出乎眾人意料之外,她并沒有傷害這只小狒狒,反而躺下來用身體把小狒狒圍起來加以『保護』,故選 (A)。文中并未提及拉赫迪瑪后來是否繼續『撫養』小狒狒,故 (C) 不可選。

            4. 在第一段和最后一段的文章里提到這個節目值得一看是因為 _____。
            (A) 這對制片家結婚了
            (B) 直到現在我們才確認花豹的存在
            (C) 非洲是個不好取景的地方
            (D) 了解花豹的機會實在不多
            題解: 根據第一段和最后一段,在在顯示花豹的行蹤飄忽,我們很少有機會了解牠們的生活,所以該節目很值得一看,故選 (D)。

            標準答案: 1. (D) 2. (C) 3. (A) 4. (D)

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