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            常春藤解析英語【100】Dancing Underwater 優雅的水上芭蕾

            2010-11-13 20:56:27 來源:常春藤英語
             
             
            Dancing Underwater 優雅的水上芭蕾

            by Suzanne Cowan

            Synchronized swimming is a sport that always makes a splash.
            花式游泳總是令人大為驚嘆。

            Synchronized swimming (花式游泳) must be seen to be understood. It _(1)_ groups of swimmers who perform dance routines in the water. The swimmers twist, flip, and raise their arms and legs together, making patterns and creating a spectacle as a whole. Their _(2)_ are timed to go together perfectly. Especially from a distance, it is a strangely fascinating sight.
              
            Synchronized swimming is a _(3)_ new sport. It was first performed in Canada at the beginning of the 20th century. As a _(4)_ of swimming, dance, and gymnastics, it was eventually given the nickname "water ballet." Its popularity jumped in 1984, when synchronized swimming became recognized as an _(5)_ sport of the Summer Olympics. Participation in the Olympic Games is only _(6)_ to female synchronized swimmers. But although it is a sport dominated by women, there are some male synchronized swimmers who _(7)_ national competitions.
              
            Although synchronized swimming looks graceful, it is a sport that requires great strength, skill, and timing. Synchronized swimmers train for many hours every day to make sure that they have the endurance and flexibility necessary to _(8)_ striking routines. Some synchronized swimmers do perform solo routines, but most work in pairs or small groups. Performing as part of a larger group _(9)_ an extra level of difficulty as it requires the swimmers to be in sync with each other and with the music.
              
            If you ever see several people _(10)_ their arms at the same time in a pool, don't run for a lifeguard because you think they are drowning. They might be practicing a synchronized swimming routine.

            (A) adds (B) official (C) involves (D) waving (E) combination (F) open (G) carry out (H) movements (I) relatively (J) take part in

            原來如此

            1. It involves groups of swimmers who perform dance routines in the water.
            理由:

            a. 空格前有代名詞 it,后有名詞詞組 groups of swimmers(成群的游泳者),可知空格內應置入第三人稱單數形的及物動詞或及物動詞詞組。
            b. 符合上述的選項有 (A) adds(增加)和 (C) involves(包含,需要),然僅 involves 置入后符合語意,表這項運動由成群的游泳者在水中表演舞蹈動作,故選 (C)。
            c. involve vt. 包含,需要
            例: Good management involves a careful division of labor.
            (良好的經營管理需要細心的分工。)

            2. Their movements are timed to go together perfectly.
            理由:

            a. 空格前有所有格 their(他們的),其后有復數 be 動詞 are,可知空格內應置入復數名詞。
            b. 選項中為復數名詞的僅有 (H) movements(動作),且置入后符合語意,表他們的『動作』非常整齊劃一,故選之。

            3. Synchronized swimming is a relatively new sport.
            理由:

            a. 空格前有不定冠詞 a,其后有形容詞 new(新的),可知空格內應置入副詞以修飾 new。
            b. 選項中為副詞的僅有 (I) relatively(相當地),置入后亦符合語意,表花式游泳是種『相當』新穎的運動,可知 (I) 為正選。
            c. relatively adv. 相當地;相對地
            例: Because of my tight schedule, I can only stay here for a relatively short time.
            (由于行程緊湊,我能待在這里的時間相當短暫。)

            4. As a combination of swimming, dance, and gymnastics, it was eventually given the nickname "water ballet."
            理由:

            a. 空格前有不定冠詞 a,后有介詞 of,可知空格內應置入子音起首的單數名詞。
            b. 在剩下的選項中,為子音起首的單數名詞僅有 (E) combination(結合、組合),置入后亦符合語意,表『結合』游泳、舞蹈和體操,花式游泳最終獲得『水上芭蕾』的昵稱,故選之。

            5. Its popularity jumped in 1984, when synchronized swimming became recognized as an official sport of the Summer Olympics.
            理由:

            a. 空格前有不定冠詞 an,后有名詞 sport(運動),可知空格內應置入元音起首的形容詞。
            b. 符合上述的選項有 (B) official(正式的)和 (F) open(開放的),惟 official 置入后符合語意,表花式游泳被列入夏季奧運的『正式』比賽項目,故選 (B)。

            6. Participation in the Olympic Games is only open to female synchronized swimmers.
            理由:

            a. 空格前有 be 動詞 is,后有介詞 to,可知空格內應置入形容詞或分詞。
            b. 符合上述的選項有 (D) waving(揮舞的)和 (F) open(開放的),惟 open 置入后符合語意,并形成下列用法:
            be open to...  對……開放
            例: The health club is only open to its members.
            (該健康俱樂部只對會員開放。)
            c. 根據上述,可知 (F) 為正選。

            7. But although it is a sport dominated by women, there are some male synchronized swimmers who take part in national competitions.
            理由:

            a. 空格前有關系代名詞 who,代替其前的復數先行詞(名詞)swimmers(泳者),其后則有名詞詞組 national competitions(國家級比賽),可知空格內應置入及物動詞或及物動詞詞組。
            b. 符合上述的選項有 (G) carry out(執行、完成)和 (J) take part in(參加、參與),惟 take part in 置入后符合語意,故選 (J)。
            c. take part in...  參加∕參與……
            = participate in...
            例: Henry participated in the triathlon.
            (亨利參加了鐵人三項。)

            8. ...to make sure that they have the endurance and flexibility necessary to carry out striking routines.
            理由:

            a. 空格前有不定詞 to,后有名詞詞組 striking routines(驚人的表演動作),可知空格內應置入原形及物動詞或動詞詞組。
            b. 符合上述的選項僅有 (G) carry out(執行、完成),置入后亦符合語意,表以確保有足夠的耐久力和柔軟度來『執行』這種驚人的表演,故選之。
            c. carry out...  執行∕完成……
            例: Through teamwork, we were able to carry out the mission.
            (經由團隊合作,我們得以完成任務。)

            9. Performing as part of a larger group adds an extra level of difficulty as it requires the swimmers to be in sync with each other and with the music.
            理由:

            a. 空格前有動名詞 Performing(表演),作主詞,之后有名詞詞組 an extra level of difficulty(額外的困難度),可知空格內應置入第三人稱單數的及物動詞或動詞詞組。
            b. 符合上述的選項僅有 (A) adds(增加、添加),置入后亦符合語意,表一大群人一起表演更是『增加』花式游泳的困難度,故選之。
            c. add vt. 增加、添加
            add A to B  將 A 加到 B 上
            例: Mr. Collins, do you have anything to add to your statement?
            (柯林斯先生,對于你的陳述,還有什么要補充的嗎?)

            10. If you ever see several people waving their arms at the same time in a pool, ...
            理由:

            a. 空格前有知覺動詞 see(看)及名詞詞組 several people(幾個人),可知空格內應置入原形動詞作受詞補語(表已發生的事實);或接現在分詞作受詞補語(表進行的狀態);亦可接過去分詞作受詞補語(表被動的概念)。
            b. 符合上述的選項僅有 (D) waving(揮舞),故選之。
            c. wave one's arm/hand  揮手臂∕揮手
            例: Harry waved his hand to get the teacher's attention.
            (哈利揮手來引起老師的注意。)

            精解字詞詞組

            1. spectacle n. 奇觀,壯觀(的場面)
            make a spectacle of oneself  出洋相
            = make a fool of oneself
            例: Simon got drunk and made a spectacle of himself at the party.
            (賽門在派對上喝醉酒大出自己的洋相。)

            2. be timed to V  選好∕設定好時間做……
            例: The alarm is timed to go off at eight o'clock.
            (鬧鐘被設定在 8 點響起。)

            3. from a distance  從遠方,從遠處
            例: The letters of that neon sign are so big that they are visible from a distance.
            (那霓虹燈上的字母大到從很遠的地方都看得到。)

            4. be/become recognized as...  被公認為……
            例: The book is recognized as one of the greatest works of literature of this century.
            (那本書被公認為是本世紀最重要的文學作品之一。)

            5. dominate vt. 在……中占主要地位;支配
            例: The boxing champion dominated the fight from beginning to end.
            (那位拳擊冠軍從開始到比賽結束一直占上風。)

            6. striking a. 驚人的;引人注目的
            例: The girl's likeness to her mother was striking.
            (這女孩面貌酷似她的母親。)

            7. extra a. 額外的,另外的
            an extra + 數字  額外的……
            = an additional + 數字
            例: We need an extra 10 volunteers for the charity event.
            (我們還需要 10 名義工加入這項慈善活動。)

            8. sync n. 同步,同時
            in sync with...  與……同步∕協調
            例: Justin's movements were in sync with the music.
            (賈斯汀的動作與音樂一致。)

            單字小鋪

            1. underwater adv. 在水中,水面下地
            2. synchronized swimming   花式游泳
            synchronize vt. & vi.(使)同時發生
            3. perform vt. 演出,表演
            4. routine n.(一套固定的)舞步∕動作
            5. twist vi. & vt. 旋轉,扭轉
            6. flip vi. & vt. 翻轉
            7. pattern n. 樣式,模式
            8. perfectly adv. 完美地
            9. gymnastics n. 體操;體育
            10. nickname n. 綽號
            11. water ballet n. 水上芭蕾
            12. popularity n. 普及,流行
            13. participation n. 參加,參與
            14. competition n. 比賽,競賽
            15. graceful a. 優美的
            16. timing n. 精確計時;時機的選擇
            17. endurance n. 耐久力;忍耐
            18. flexibility n. 靈活度;彈性
            19. solo a. 單獨(表演)的
            20. lifeguard n. 救生員
            21. drown vi. 溺水;溺斃

            詞組小鋪

            1. as a whole  整體看來
            2. in pairs  兩個一組地;成對地
            3. at the same time  同時

            中文翻譯&標準答案

            花式游泳是一種必須實際觀賞才能了解的運動。這項運動由成群的游泳者在水中表演舞蹈動作。他們一起旋轉、翻騰、舉手投足,呈現出各種花樣,制造出壯觀的景象。他們的動作非常整齊劃一。從遠處觀賞,更是令人贊嘆的景觀。
              
            花式游泳是相當新穎的運動,20 世紀初才在加拿大首度表演;ㄊ接斡窘Y合游泳、舞蹈和體操,最終獲得『水上芭蕾』的昵稱。它在 1984 年被列入夏季奧運的正式比賽項目時,開始大受歡迎。夏季奧運的花式游泳比賽只開放給女性選手參加。雖然花式游泳以女性參賽為主,但在一些國家級的比賽中也可見到男性選手參賽的身影。
              
            雖然看起來很優雅,但花式游泳其實需要相當的體力、技巧和精確的時間掌握;ㄊ接斡镜倪x手每天進行好幾個小時的訓練,以確保有足夠的耐久力和柔軟度來進行這種驚人的表演。雖然有些單獨表演的選手,但花式游泳大多為兩人或多人一組。一大群人一起表演更增加花式游泳的困難度,因為這需要所有選手能夠一起和音樂同步動作。
              
            要是你看見好幾個人在泳池里揮舞著雙臂,千萬別因為以為他們溺水而去找救生員。他們或許只是在練習花式游泳的動作呢。

            標準答案: 1. (C) 2. (H) 3. (I) 4. (E) 5. (B) 6. (F) 7. (J) 8. (G) 9. (A) 10. (D)

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