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            常春藤解析英語【97】The Sea is the Place to Be 海底世界樂悠悠

            2010-11-13 20:52:44 來源:常春藤英語
             
             
            The Sea is the Place to Be 海底世界樂悠悠

            by Matthew Brown

            Scuba diving is one of the ultimate ways to get away from it all.
            水肺潛水是遠離塵囂的首選之一。

            Walking around is fine, but have you ever longed to be able to move in any direction you want? Why not have stunningly beautiful creatures of many colors moving gracefully around you while you're at it? If this sounds _(1)_ to you, start saving money to learn how to scuba dive.
              
            Scuba diving is a way of swimming underwater without having to come up for air every minute _(2)_. Scuba divers wear scuba equipment, the most important of _(3)_ is the oxygen tank or some other air source. With an oxygen tank, divers can stay underwater for a long time. Also important is the diving mask, which allows divers to clearly see fish, plants, rocks, _(4)_ ships, or whatever else is around. Most divers also wear flippers _(5)_ webbed feet that help them swim easily. And if the water is cold, specially _(6)_ suits can keep a diver warm.
              
            After getting the equipment, the diver is ready to dive, right? Not quite. Diving is _(7)_ dangerous and it requires training. Most of the _(8)_ can easily be avoided if the diver knows how to be careful. If not, serious accidents can occur. If there's a problem with the air tank, the diver could _(9)_ stuck too far underwater to be able to get up in time to breathe. Also, divers have to avoid going down too far too quickly, because this can _(10)_ serious damage to the body.
              
            Once you've had some training, though, you're ready to take a dive and explore a whole new world under the sea.

            (A) risks (B) somewhat (C) designed (D) which (E) or so (F) sunken (G) appealing (H) result in (I) resembling (J) end up

            原來如此

            1. If this sounds appealing to you, start saving money to learn how to scuba dive.
            理由:
            a. 空格前有感官動詞 sounds(聽起來),可知空格內應填入形容詞作補語。
            b. 選項中,可作形容詞的有 (C) designed(設計過的)、(F) sunken(沉沒的)以及 (G) appealing(吸引人的),惟 (G) 置入后符合語意,表如果這主意聽起來很『吸引人』,那么開始存錢學水肺潛水吧!故選 (G)。
            c. appealing a. 吸引人的
            例: The idea of studying abroad is very appealing to me.
            (出國留學的念頭讓我很心動。)

            2. Scuba diving is a way of swimming underwater without having to come up for air every minute or so.
            理由:
            a. 空格前為一完整的句構,由此可知,位于句尾的空格內應填入副詞或副詞詞組。
            b. 符合上述條件的選項有 (B) somewhat(有點)和 (E) or so(大約),然僅 (E) 置入后符合語意,故選之。
            c. 數字∕數量詞 + N + or so  大約……(數目左右)的……
            例: Every few months or so I try to spend a few days on the beach.
            (每隔幾個月左右,我就會設法到海邊待上幾天。)

            3. Scuba divers wear scuba equipment, the most important of which is the oxygen tank or some other air source.
            理由:
            a. 空格前有介詞 of,可知空格內應置入名詞或動名詞。又因前面有一完整的句子,所以空格內應填入關系代名詞,以引導形容詞子句,修飾前面的名詞詞組 scuba equipment(深潛裝備)。
            b. 根據上述,可知應選 (D) which。此處關系代名詞 which 置入空格后,即等于名詞詞組 the scuba equipment,表『這些深潛裝備』中,最重要的是氧氣筒或其它的供氧器具。
            例: Chris has lots of rare baseball cards, some of which are worth thousands of dollars.
            (克里斯擁有許多罕見的棒球卡,其中有些價值數千元。)

            4. Also important is the diving mask, which allows divers to clearly see fish, plants, rocks, sunken ships, or whatever else is around.
            理由:
            a. 空格后有名詞 ships(船),可知應置入形容詞,以修飾 ships。
            b. 選項中可作形容詞的尚有 (C) designed(設計過的)和 (F) sunken(沉沒的),惟 (F) 置入后符合語意,表潛水員可以清楚地看見魚、植物、礁石、『沉』船或身邊其它任何的東西,故選之。
            c. sunken a. 沉沒的,沉入水中的
            注意:
            sunken 與 sunk 均為 sink 的過去分詞,sunken 通常作屬性形容詞用,修飾其后的名詞,如:sunken ship(沉船)、sunken treasure(水底的寶藏);而 sunk 則通常置于 be 動詞之后作補語,或置于完成式助動詞之后,而不可作屬性形容詞。
            例: Marco likes to explore sunken ships and underwater caves when he dives.
            (馬可在潛水時,喜歡去沉船及水底洞穴探險。)
            例: Many ships have sunk into the waters of the Bermuda Triangle.
            (許多船只在百慕達三角洲的海域沉沒。)

            5. Most divers also wear flippers resembling webbed feet that help them swim easily.
            理由:
            a. 空格前為一完整的句構,而空格后有名詞詞組 webbed feet(有蹼的腳),由此可知,空格內應置入分詞形成分詞詞組,作形容詞用,修飾前面句子中的名詞 flippers(蛙鞋)。
            b. 符合上述條件的選項僅剩 (C) designed(設計過的)和 (I) resembling(像……),惟 (I) 置入后符合語意,表大部分的潛水員也會穿上『像』蹼一樣的蛙鞋,故選之。
            c. 此處的現在分詞詞組乃由以下的形容詞子句化簡而成:
            Most divers also wear flippers which resemble webbed feet that help them swim easily.
            d. resemble vt. 像,類似
            resemblance n. 相似
            bear a close resemblance to sb  和某人長得很像
            例: Tim resembles the star of the movie I watched yesterday.
            (提姆長得很像我昨天看的那部電影里的明星。)
            例: Have I ever told you that you bear a close resemblance to my brother?
            (我有說過你長得很像我哥哥嗎?)

            6. And if the water is cold, specially designed suits can keep a diver warm.
            理由:
            a. 空格前有副詞 specially(特別地),之后有名詞 suits(衣服),可知空格應置入形容詞,以修飾 suits。
            b. 選項中為形容詞的僅剩 (C) designed(設計過的),置入后亦符合語意,表如果海水很冷,也有特殊『設計的』潛水衣可讓潛水員保持體溫,故選之。

            7. Diving is somewhat dangerous and it requires training.
            理由:
            a. 空格前有 be 動詞 is,后有形容詞 dangerous(危險的),可知應置入副詞,以修飾 dangerous。
            b. 選項中為副詞的僅剩 (B) somewhat(有點),置入后亦符合語意,表深潛其實『有點』危險,所以潛水員需要先經過訓練,故選之。
            c. somewhat adv. 有點,稍微
            例: Mrs. Lin is somewhat puzzled by her daughter's recent behavior.
            (林太太對她女兒近來的行為感到有些不解。)

            8. Most of the risks can be easily avoided if the diver knows how to be careful.
            理由:
            a. 空格前有介詞 of 和定冠詞 the,可知應置入名詞。
            b. 選項中為名詞的只有 (A) risks(危險,風險),置入后亦符合語意,表如果潛水員知道如何小心防范,那么就可以輕易避免掉大多數的『危險』,故選之。

            9. If there's a problem with the air tank, the diver could end up stuck too far underwater to be able to get up in time to breathe.
            理由:
            a. 空格前有助動詞 could,可知應置入原形動詞或原形動詞詞組。
            b. 符合上述條件的有 (H) result in(導致、造成)和 (J) end up(最后∕結果……),而由空格后的過去分詞 stuck(被困的)可知,空格應置入 end up,因為 end up 可作不完全不及物動詞詞組,其后可接現在分詞作補語,但若此現在分詞為 being 時,則 being 可予以省略,本句的空格后就是省略 being,而直接接過去分詞 stuck,因此 (J) 為正選。
            c. end up + 現在分詞∕介詞詞組  結果∕最后∕到頭來……
            例: All flights to Taipei were fully booked, so we ended up taking the train.
            (所有飛往臺北的班機都已客滿,所以我們最后搭火車去。)
            例: He warned me that if I break my curfew one more time, I will end up (being) seriously punished.
            (他警告我如果我再逾時未歸,后果是我會受到嚴厲的處罰。)

            10. Also, divers have to avoid going down too far too quickly, because this can result in serious damage to the body.
            理由:
            a. 空格前有助動詞 can,可知應置入原形動詞或原形動詞詞組。
            b. 符合上述條件的選項僅剩 (H) result in(導致、造成),置入后亦符合語意,故選之。
            c. result in...  導致∕造成……
            result from...  起因于……
            例: The terrorist attack resulted in tighter security measures in US airports.
            (那起恐怖攻擊事件導致美國各機場采取更嚴格的安檢措施。)
            例: Their divorce resulted from years of fighting.
            (他們之所以離婚是由于常年爭吵所致。)

            精解字詞詞組

            1. long to V  渴望做……
            例: Jill has always longed to open up her own coffee shop.
            (吉兒一直渴望能自己開一家咖啡店。)

            2. direction n. 方向(其前通常與介詞 in 并用)
            例: You are going in the wrong direction if you're trying to find the park.
            (如果你是在找那座公園的話,那你就走錯方向了。)

            3. stunningly adv. 絕妙地;極好地
            stunning a. 極漂亮的
            例: The new vice president is stunningly handsome.
            (新上任的副總裁真是帥得沒話說。)
            例: The new lipstick Gina wears looks stunning on her.
            (吉娜擦的新口紅使她看起來美極了。)

            4. be ready to V  準備好(做)……
            = be all set to V
            例: Let me know when you're ready to begin.
            (你準備好要開始時就讓我知道。)

            5. stick vt. 困;使動彈不得
            三態為:stick, stuck , stuck。
            be stuck in...  被困在∕陷在……中
            例: Al was stuck in an elevator for about half an hour last night.
            (昨晚艾爾被困在電梯里大約半個小時。)

            6. in time + to V/for N  及時∕來得及(做)……
            on time  準時
            例: Irene made it to the party in time to see Ed blow out the candles.
            (艾琳及時抵達慶生會看艾德把蠟燭吹熄。)
            例: No matter how busy he is, Dad always gets home in time for dinner.
            (無論多忙,老爸總是會及時趕回家吃晚飯。)
            例: The 3:00 PM train from Taichung is almost always on time.
            (下午 3 點從臺中發出的火車幾乎都很準時。)

            7. Once + S + V, S + V  一旦……,就……
            例: Once you start lying, it is hard to stop.
            (一旦扯了謊,就很難不繼續下去。)

            單字小鋪

            1. gracefully adv. 優美地,優雅地
            2. scuba dive vi. 水肺潛水,深潛
            scuba diving n. 水肺潛水,深潛
            scuba n. 潛水用的水中呼吸器,水肺
            3. diver n. 潛水員
            4. oxygen n. 氧氣
            5. mask n. 面罩;面具
            6. flipper n. 蛙鞋;腳蹼
            7. webbed a. 有蹼的
            web n. 蹼;蜘蛛網
            8. damage n. 損傷,損失
            9. explore vt. 探索;探險

            中文翻譯&標準答案

            四處走走是很愜意的一件事,但你是否曾渴望能四面八方、上下左右任意地移動?當你悠游其中時,何不讓色彩繽紛的美麗生物在你身邊優雅地移動?如果這主意聽起來很吸引人,那么開始存錢學水肺潛水(深潛)吧!
              
            水肺潛水是一種在水底的游泳方式,可以不必每隔一陣子就浮出水面換氣。水肺潛水員身著深潛裝備,其中最重要的是氧氣筒或其它的供氧器具。有了氧氣筒,潛水員就可以在水底待上很長一段時間。潛水鏡也很重要,那是用來讓潛水員可以清楚地看見魚、植物、礁石、沉船或身邊其它任何的東西。大部分的潛水員也會穿上像蹼一樣的蛙鞋,以利更輕松地劃水前進。如果海水很冷,也有特殊設計的潛水衣可讓潛水員保持體溫。
              
            裝備齊全后,潛水員就可以下水深潛了,對吧?那可不行。深潛其實有點危險,所以潛水員需要先經過訓練。如果潛水員知道如何小心防范,就可以輕易避免掉大多數的危險。如果不夠小心,就有可能會發生嚴重的意外。要是氧氣筒出了問題,潛水員最后可能會受困在過深的水底而無法及時浮上水面呼吸。另外,潛水員也必須避免以過快的速度潛入過深的海底,因為這有可能對身體造成嚴重的傷害。
              
            不過一旦接受過訓練,你就可以準備潛入深海,一探海底新世界!

            標準答案: 1. (G) 2. (E) 3. (D) 4. (F) 5. (I) 6. (C) 7. (B) 8. (A) 9. (J) 10. (H)

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