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            新聞英語精解【87】呼吸系統疾病導致蘇丹11人死亡

            2010-04-03 10:40:26 來源:世博英語

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            Respiratory Illness Kills 11 in Sudan

            【參考譯文】呼吸系統疾病導致蘇丹11人死亡

            Sat Nov 1,11:17 PM ET

            KHARTOUM, Sudan - At least 11 people in central Sudan have died and more than 16,000 have been hospitalized with a respiratory illness links to an annual locust invasion, the country's official news agency said Saturday. The peak was reported a week ago when some 500 cases were admitted to a hospital in Medani, Sudan's second-largest city, 112 miles south of Khartoum.

            【參考譯文】喀土穆,蘇丹-蘇丹官方媒體上周六日稱,一種與每年一度的蝗災有關的流行性呼吸系統疾病目前已經導致蘇丹中部地區11人死亡,16000多人住院治療。據報道,一周前這種疾病的爆發達到高峰,當時蘇丹第二大城市邁達尼約有五百人住院治療。

            【講解】respiratory:Of, relating to, used in, or affecting respiration. 呼吸的。respiratory organs,呼吸器官。

            Locust:蝗蟲、蚱蜢,在美語里還有蟬的意思,它也可以用來指破壞者或貪吃的人。locust bean,【植】角豆;locust tree,【植】刺槐。

            An agricultural official in the Medani area said the illness is linked to a hormone — released by the dark-red locusts during mating season — which "has a strong effect on people with asthma." A spokesman for the World Health Organization Dick Thompson, told The Associated Press that infectious disease experts at the Geneva-based U.N. health agency were unaware of the outbreak, but said the occurrence of such a "toxic event" could not be ruled out.

            【參考譯文】世界衛生組織發言人迪克湯普森對聯合通訊社表示,世界衛生組織對此次疾病爆發并不知情,并表示不能排除這種惡性傳染病爆發的可能性。邁達尼地區的一位農業官員表示,這種疾病與一種暗紅色蝗蟲在交配季節釋放的荷爾蒙有關。這種荷爾蒙對有哮喘病的人影響極大。

            【講解】hormone :Any of various similar substances found in plants and insects that regulate development. 激素,一種存在于植物或昆蟲中的具有調節生長之功能的物質。

            Asthma:A chronic respiratory disease, often arising from allergies, that is characterized by sudden recurring attacks of labored breathing, chest constriction, and coughing. 氣喘(。,一種長期的呼吸系統疾病,通常由過敏癥引起,特征是呼吸劇烈,胸部收縮,及咳嗽等的突然復發。

            toxic ,Capable of causing injury or death, especially by chemical means,poisonous.能夠造成傷害或死亡的,尤指通過化學方法、有毒的。a toxic drug ,毒藥。food preservatives that are toxic in concentrated amounts,濃縮后有毒的食物防腐劑;a dump for toxic industrial wastes.有毒工業廢料的臨時堆積所。

            rule out,排除在外。

            The committee has provided medication, oxygen and equipment for patients. The area has been sprayed with insecticide since last week and the numbers of deaths and infections have dropped, the statement said.

            【參考譯文】報道還說,委員會已為病人提供了藥品、氧氣設備。從上周開始,當地開始噴灑殺蟲劑,目前病死率和感染率都已下降。

            【講解】insecticid,A chemical substance used to kill insects. 殺蟲劑用于殺蟲的一種化學物品。

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